In the Past
Morpho is a peer-to-peer layer built on top of lending pools such as Compound and Aave.
What problem Morpho is trying to solve?
The main interest rate protocols in DeFi such as AAVE, Compound, or CREAM are working on pool-to-peer models. Many suppliers provide liquidity in a pool and borrowers can help themselves in this common pot.
In the early days of DeFi, this mechanism solved the pain of matching users according to their rate conditions but it had some tradeoffs. In order to preserve the liquidity of their pool, those protocols are inducing a spread between the supply and borrow rates. In other words, many suppliers share the interests paid by the few borrowers coming to the pool.